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NCERT Solutions For Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 : Some Applications of Trigonometry

CBSE NCERT Solutions For Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 : Some Applications of Trigonometry. NCERT Solutins For Class 10 Mathematics. Exercise 9.1


NCERT Solutions for Class X Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry – Mathematics CBSE

Excercise: 9.1

Page No: 203

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Zf9a-LDpwyM/VXv9xUXApEI/AAAAAAAAAt8/PecVykpMrWo/s1600/ch-11-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-1.PNG 1. A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole, if the angle made by the rope with the ground level is 30° (see Fig. 9.11).

Answer
Let AB be the vertical pole Ac be 20 m  long rope tied to point C.
In  right ΔABC,
sin 30° = AB/AC
⇒ 1/2 = AB/20

⇒ AB = 20/2

⇒ AB = 10

The height of the pole is 10 m.

2. A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

Answer

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-_EfQII_r9Qw/VXxRxhTnyxI/AAAAAAAAAuI/WGC5TzKkQHU/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-2.PNG Let AC be the broken part of the tree.

∴ Total height of the tree = AB+AC

In  right ΔABC,

cos 30° = BC/AC

⇒ √3/2 = 8/AC

⇒ AC = 16/√3

Also,

tan 30° = AB/BC

⇒ 1/√3 = AB/8

⇒ AB = 8/√3

Total height of the tree = AB+AC = 16/√3 + 8/√3 = 24/√3

3. A contractor plans to install two slides for the children to play in a park. For the children below the age of 5 years, she prefers to have a slide whose top is at a height of 1.5 m, and is inclined at an angle of 30° to the ground, whereas for elder children, she wants to have a steep slide at a height of 3 m, and inclined at an angle of 60° to the ground. What should be the length of the slide in each case?

Answer

There are two slides of height 1.5 m and 3 m. (Given)

Let AB is 1.5 m and PQ be 3 m slides.

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-omPl-bsxu98/VXxWYP1AINI/AAAAAAAAAuU/dVwyu7XFi_w/s320/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-3.PNG

ABC is the slide inclined at 30° with length AC and PQR is the slide inclined at

60° with length PR.

A/q,

In  right ΔABC,

sin 30° = AB/AC

⇒ 1/2 = 1.5/AC

⇒ AC = 3m

also,

In  right ΔPQR,

sin 60° = PQ/PR

⇒ √3/2 = 3/PR

⇒ PR = 2√3 m

Hence, length of the slides are 3 m and 2√3 m respectively.

Page No: 204

4. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away from the foot of the tower, is 30°. Find the height of the tower.

Answer

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Let AB be the height of the tower and C is the point elevation which is 30 m away from the foot of the tower.

A/q,

In  right ΔABC,

tan 30° = AB/BC
⇒ 1/√3 = AB/30

⇒ AB = 10√3
Thus, the height of the tower is 10√3 m.

5. A kite is flying at a height of 60 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is 60°. Find the length of the string, assuming that there is no slack in the string.

Answer

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-TsOlPLMGZS0/VXz48OMk9II/AAAAAAAAAu0/fjsQiZ4q2xs/s1600/ch9-10maths-5.PNG

Let BC be the height of the kite from the ground,
AC be the inclined length of the string from the ground and A is the point where string of the kite is tied.

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A/q,

In  right ΔABC,

sin 60° = BC/AC

⇒ √3/2 = 60/AC

⇒ AC = 40√3 m
Thus, the length of the string from the ground is 40√3 m.

6.  A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building.

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Utk-M_1kHAM/VXz_zlbMyKI/AAAAAAAAAvM/MsLpAeIYdzo/s1600/ch9-10maths-6.PNGAnswer

Let the boy initially standing at point Y with inclination 30° and then he approaches the building to
the point X with inclination 60°.
∴ XY is the distance he walked towards the building.
also, XY = CD.
Height of the building = AZ = 30 m

AB = AZ – BZ = (30 – 1.5) = 28.5 m
A/q,

In  right ΔABD,

tan 30° = AB/BD
⇒ 1/√3 = 28.5/BD

⇒ BD = 28.5√3 m
also,
In  right ΔABC,

tan 60° = AB/BC
⇒ √3 = 28.5/BC

⇒ BC = 28.5/√3 = 28.5√3/3 m
∴ XY = CD = BD – BC = (28.5√3 – 28.5√3/3) = 28.5√3(1-1/3) = 28.5√3 × 2/3 = 57/√3 m.
Thus, the distance boy walked towards the building is 57/√3 m.

7.  From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

Answer

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yvNVwtVaPo4/VX0FHEBjRDI/AAAAAAAAAvc/xxMJ9V4iEXs/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-7.PNG

Let BC be the 20 m high building.
D is the point on the ground from where the elevation is taken.
Height of transmission tower = AB = AC – BC
A/q,

In  right ΔBCD,

tan 45° = BC/CD
⇒ 1 = 20/CD

⇒ CD = 20 m
also,

In  right ΔACD,

tan 60° = AC/CD
⇒ √3 = AC/20

⇒ AC = 20√3 m
Height of transmission tower = AB = AC – BC = (20√3 – 20) m = 20(√3 – 1) m.

8.  A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on the top of a pedestal. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45°. Find the height of the pedestal.

Answer

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-5hzDdHfwwEY/VX0MI2R6quI/AAAAAAAAAwE/dcW9Mtuengo/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-8.PNG

Let AB be the height of statue.
D is the point on the ground from where the elevation is taken.

Height of pedestal = BC = AC – AB

A/q,

In  right ΔBCD,
tan 45° = BC/CD
⇒ 1 =  BC/CD

⇒ BC = CD.
also,

In  right ΔACD,

tan 60° = AC/CD
⇒ √3 = AB+BC/CD

⇒ √3CD = 1.6 m + BC
⇒ √3BC = 1.6 m + BC
⇒ √3BC – BC = 1.6 m
⇒ BC(√3-1) = 1.6 m
⇒ BC = 1.6/(√3-1) m
⇒ BC = 0.8(√3+1) m
Thus, the height of the pedestal is 0.8(√3+1) m.

9. The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building.

Answer

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Let CD be the height of the tower equal to 50 m (Given)
Let AB be the height of the building.
BC be the distance between the foots of the building and the tower.
Elevation is 30° and 60° from the tower and the building respectively.
A/q,

In  right ΔBCD,

tan 60° = CD/BC
⇒ √3 = 50/BC

⇒ BC = 50/√3
also,

In  right ΔABC,

tan 30° = AB/BC
⇒ 1/√3 = AB/BC

⇒ AB = 50/3
Thus, the height of the building is 50/3.

10. Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30°, respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles.

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Answer

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Let AB and CD be the poles of equal height.
O is the point between them from where the height of elevation taken.
BD is the distance between the poles.
A/q,
AB = CD,
OB + OD = 80 m
Now,

In  right ΔCDO,

tan 30° = CD/OD
⇒ 1/√3 = CD/OD

⇒ CD = OD/√3 … (i)
also,

In  right ΔABO,

tan 60° = AB/OB
⇒ √3 = AB/(80-OD)

⇒ AB = √3(80-OD)
AB = CD (Given)
⇒ √3(80-OD) = OD/√3
⇒ 3(80-OD) = OD
⇒ 240 – 3 OD = OD
⇒ 4 OD = 240
⇒ OD = 60
Putting the value of OD in equation (i)
CD = OD/√3 ⇒ CD = 60/√3 ⇒ CD = 20√3 m
also,
OB + OD = 80 m ⇒ OB = (80-60) m = 20 m
Thus, the height of the poles are 20√3 m and distance from the point of elevation are 20 m and 60 m respectively.

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-EkpRti7jTyw/VX0yktNd87I/AAAAAAAAAww/q2j6P-iE3jg/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-11.PNG
11.  A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joining this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30° (see Fig. 9.12). Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

Answer

Here, AB is the height of the tower.
CD = 20 m (given)
A/q,

In  right ΔABD,

tan 30° = AB/BD
⇒ 1/√3 = AB/(20+BC)

⇒ AB = (20+BC)/√3 … (i)
also,
In  right ΔABC,
tan 60° = AB/BC
⇒ √3 = AB/BC

⇒ AB = √3 BC … (ii)
From eqn (i) and (ii)
AB = √3 BC = (20+BC)/√3
⇒ 3 BC = 20 + BC
⇒ 2 BC = 20 ⇒ BC = 10 m
Putting the value of BC in eqn (ii)
AB = 10√3 m
Thus, the height of the tower 10√3 m and the width of the canal is 10 m.

12.  From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

Answer

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-YHKCHbACy7w/VX1ClOjCrJI/AAAAAAAAAxA/14V-3b9iF8Q/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-12.PNG

Let AB be the building of height 7 m and EC be the height of tower.
A is the point from where elevation of tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°
EC = DE + CD
also, CD = AB = 7 m.
and BC = AD
A/q,
In  right ΔABC,
tan 45° = AB/BC
⇒ 1= 7/BC
⇒ BC = 7 m = AD
also,
In  right ΔADE,
tan 60° = DE/AD
⇒ √3 = DE/7
⇒ DE = 7√3 m
Height of the tower = EC =  DE + CD
= (7√3 + 7) m = 7(√3+1) m.

13. As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

Answer

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-X4HCF58KBCU/VX1H2cVfc1I/AAAAAAAAAxk/MHTj7dhfjQE/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-13.PNG
Let AB be the lighthouse of height 75 m.
Let C and D be the positions of the ships.
30° and 45° are the angles of depression from the lighthouse.
A/q,
In  right ΔABC,
tan 45° = AB/BC
⇒ 1= 75/BC
⇒ BC = 75 m
also,
In  right ΔABD,
tan 30° = AB/BD
⇒ 1/√3 = 75/BD
⇒ BD = 75√3  m

The distance between the two ships = CD = BD – BC = (75√3 – 75) m = 75(√3-1) m.

Page No: 205

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-w5u2mC8Y7ug/VX1Jfmc_nsI/AAAAAAAAAx0/XUQRYhFoU6Y/s1600/ch9-some-applications%2Bof-trigo-14.PNG 14.  A 1.2 m tall girl spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at a height of 88.2 m
from the ground. The height of 88.2 m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the eyes of the girl at any instant is 60°. After some time, the angle of elevation reduces to 30° (see Fig. 9.13). Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

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Answer

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Let the initial position of the balloon be A and final position be B.
Height of balloon above the girl height = 88.2 m – 1.2 m = 87 m
Distance travelled by the balloon =
DE = CE – CD
A/q,
In  right ΔBEC,
tan 30° = BE/CE
⇒ 1/√3= 87/CE
⇒ CE = 87√3 m
also,
In  right ΔADC,
tan 60° = AD/CD
⇒ √3= 87/CD
⇒ CD = 87/√3 m = 29√3 m
Distance travelled by the balloon =  DE = CE – CD = (87√3 – 29√3) m = 29√3(3 – 1) m = 58√3 m.

15.  A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the top of the tower observes a car at an angle of depression of 30°, which is approaching the foot of the tower with a uniform speed. Six seconds later, the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°. Find the time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

Answer

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Let AB be the tower.
D is the initial and C is the final position of the car respectively.
Angles of depression are measured from A.
BC is the distance from the foot of the tower to the car.
A/q,
In  right ΔABC,
tan 60° = AB/BC
⇒ √3 = AB/BC
⇒ BC = AB/√3 m
also,
In  right ΔABD,
tan 30° = AB/BD
⇒ 1/√3 = AB/(BC + CD)
⇒ AB√3 = BC + CD
⇒ AB√3 = AB/√3 + CD
⇒ CD = AB√3 – AB/√3
⇒ CD = AB(√3 – 1/√3)
⇒ CD = 2AB/√3
Here, distance of BC is half of CD. Thus, the time taken is also half.
Time taken by car to travel distance CD = 6 sec.
Time taken by car to travel BC = 6/2 = 3 sec.

16.  The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

Answer

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Let AB be the tower.
C and D be the two points with distance 4 m and 9 m from the base respectively.
A/q,
In  right ΔABC,
tan x = AB/BC
⇒ tan = AB/4
⇒ AB = 4 tan x … (i)
also,
In  right ΔABD,
tan (90°-x) = AB/BD
⇒ cot = AB/9
⇒ AB = 9 cot  … (ii)
Multiplying  eqn (i) and (ii)
AB2 = 9 cot × 4 tan x
⇒ AB2 = 36
⇒ AB = ± 6
Height cannot be negative. Therefore, the height of the tower is 6 m. Hence, Proved.

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